What is it?
is a residential road of 30 houses, laid out
in a crescent*, in the city of Bath. It is among the greatest examples
of Georgian architecture to be found in the United Kingdom and is a
grade I listed building.
*it is actually in the shape of a semi-ellipse, measuring 165
House number 16 became a guest house in 1950 and combined with number
15 in 1971 to form the Royal Crescent Hotel. It remained a discreet, if
somewhat sleepy and neglected two-star hotel until 1978. It was then
redeveloped, the architects’ brief being to re-create the original
grandeur of Nos 15 and 16, whilst providing the comforts of a hotel
that would rank with the greatest in Europe. (adapted from Lowndes, 1981
Number 1 is maintained as a museum by the Bath
. It was bought by Bernard
in 1968 and donated to the Trust.
Numbers 2 and 17 were damaged by bombing in the 1942 "Baedeker raids
and restored 1948-9.
Who designed and built it?
It was designed by the architect John Wood the Younger
and built between 1767 and 1774 on Barton fields, an undeveloped
area on the edge of the existing city.
Design of the rear elevation and internal layout of each house was
determined by the individual builder or collaboration of tradesmen.
Number 1 was built first to serve as the model for all others to
follow. The subleases contained standard clauses to ensure high
standards and strict conformity with John Wood's plans. (Forsyth, 2003
In front of the Crescent is a private lawn, separated from Royal
Victoria Park by a sunken wall or ha-ha.
The text reads
Architect John Wood Jnr
Erected 1767 - 75."
Location map of Royal Crescent:
The Royal Crescent also contains plaques to
the following individuals who stayed there:
House 1a: George Saintsbury,
House 5: Christopher Anstey,
House 10: Frederic
House 11: Thomas Linley,
House 17: Sir Isaac Pitman.
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